Top 100 Indians: #52 Terry Turner

Terry Turner

This was originally posted on February 5, 2011.

Terrance Lamont Turner (Cotton Top)

Shortstop, Third Basemen, Second Basemen, 1904-1918

Height: 5'8" Weight: 149 lbs

Throws: Right Bats: Right

How Acquired: Trade, August 17, 1903: Traded by the Columbus Senators (American Association) for Billy Clingman and Gus Dorner

Left Via: Waivers, January 19, 1919: Claimed by the Philadelphia Athletics

Every period of time has produced these bubbles of artificial fame, which are kept up a while by the breath of fashion, and then break at once and annihilated. The learned often bewail the loss of ancient writers whose characters have survived their works; but perhaps, if we could now retrieve them, we should find them only the Granvilles, Montagues, Stepneys, and Sheffields of their time, and wonder by what infatuation or caprice they could be raised to notice.

- Samuel Johnson, The Rambler No. 106

Look at just about any Indians career franchise leader board, and you'll see Terry Turner's name somewhere on it. He's nestled between Hall of Famers Earl Averill and Lou Boudreau in At Bats, behind Omar Vizquel in Plate Appearances, just ahead of Bobby Avila in Runs Scored, and ahead of both Hal Trosky and Jim Thome in Hits. He even leads a pretty important franchise category, Games Played, five ahead of Napoleon Lajoie. Yet he's an obscure player even in Indians lore, largely for good reason. His offensive statistics are poor even for the era he played in. His best offensive season by far was a 123 OPS+ campaign in 1906; most other seasons, he didn't come close to a league-average OPS.

Yet Turner managed to play more seasons and in more games than any position player in franchise history. So what did Turner bring to the table that allowed him to set these marks?

It was defense.Turner was regarded by his peers as the best defensive infielder in the AL, and second only to Honus Wagner in baseball with the glove. Bill James, in his Historical Baseball Abstract, ranked the Turner-Lajoie double-play combination as the best in the game during the decade of the 1900s. It's difficult to back these opinions up, as all we're given from that era are things like assists, fielding percentage, and double plays, and since Turner was often serving as utility infielder, wasn't a perennial leader in those counting stat categories. His 1906 defensive season, however, was ranked 9th All-Time using Baseball-Reference's Defense WAR statistic. That season, he led the AL with 570 assists; that mark still ranks 12th in MLB history even after five decades of the 162-game season. So there's some evidence of his greatness at the position, though it's rather fleeting. Turner would only play a full season at shortstop three seasons (1905-1907); injuries and illnesses would hamper him most of his early career, and as he got older, he was turned into a super-utility player.

Like most players of his generation, Turner had a cool nickname. "Cotton Top" was given to him by opposing fans early in his career because of his blond hair. Turner, a native of Western Pennsylvania (Mercer County), first made a brief appearance with the Pittsburgh Pirates, but they sold him to Columbus (American Association) after just a couple games. He had two nice offensive seasons in the minors, and Cleveland acquired him towards the end of the 1903 season; he made his AL debut the next season. The Naps needed a shortstop badly; their regular starter, John Gochnaur, hit just .185/.265/.240 the previous season, so Turner had a great opportunity to break into the big leagues. Turner wasn't a whole lot better than Gochnaur in his first season, but apparently his defensive prowess convinced Cleveland to keep him on for the 1905 season.

Turner had one of his best offensive seasons in 1905, hitting .265/.289/.360 (104 OPS+), and playing in every team game. The Naps were one of the best offensive clubs in the league, led by Lajoie (151 OPS+) and Elmer Flick (166 OPS+), and next season they'd put it all together, with Turner helping out a great deal (123 OPS+). Eight of the nine regulars had an OPS+ over 100, three of their four starters (Otto Hess, Addie Joss, and Bob Rhoads) posted an ERA+ over 140, and they had a great defense, led by Turner's great season. But somehow the Naps finished third in the AL; based on their Pythogorean W-L record (98-55), they should have dominated the league, but they won only 89 games and finished seven games behind the White Sox.

That was Turner's high-water mark as an all-around player. He would be an everyday player in 1907, but his offense fell off dramatically. In 1908, when the Naps had another outstanding club, Turner was sidelined most of the season. Bill James believed that this was because of a beaning (Turner was quoted about a past beaning in the Cleveland Press in the aftermath of the Ray Chapman tragedy), although there were several other seasons where it would fit (1909, 1912, 1915). Whatever the cause of his absence, after the 1908 season, Turner would never again play an entire season at shortstop. In today's game, a player with Turner's skill-set would have played for at least 5 or 6 teams, always in-demand as a specialist, but never valuable enough to get him a long-term contract. Turner would play over 600 games at third (then also considered a defense-first position) and shortstop, and even filled in for Lajoie when he was hurt or needed a day off.

Until Kenny Lofton passed him, he held the franchise lead for stolen bases (254). Turner credited himself with introducing the head-first slide to major-league baseball. He had kept injuring his ankle while slide feet-first, so he began using the new technique early in his career.

The Indians released Turner late in the 1918 season. He caught on the with the Athletics in 1919, but only got into 38 games. After his baseball career was over, he got a job with the Cleveland Street Department. He died in Cleveland in 1960, and is buried in Mayfield.

Turner was selected as one of 100 Greatest Indians in 2001, Cleveland's 100th season in the American League.

Indians Career Stats

Year Age Tm PA H 2B 3B HR SB BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+
1904 23 CLE 434 95 9 6 1 5 11 42 .235 .255 .295 .550 74
1905 24 CLE 621 155 16 14 4 17 14 65 .265 .289 .360 .649 104
1906 25 CLE 643 170 27 7 2 27 35 43 .291 .338 .372 .709 124
1907 26 CLE 561 127 20 7 0 27 19 37 .242 .272 .307 .579 84
1908 27 CLE 226 48 11 1 0 18 15 21 .239 .298 .303 .602 95
1909 28 CLE 226 52 7 4 0 14 14 18 .250 .304 .322 .626 94
1910 29 CLE 651 132 14 6 0 31 53 51 .230 .301 .275 .576 80
1911 30 CLE 470 105 16 9 0 29 34 33 .252 .310 .333 .643 79
1912 31 CLE 419 114 14 4 0 19 31 21 .308 .363 .368 .731 106
1913 32 CLE 481 96 13 4 0 13 55 35 .247 .348 .302 .650 88
1914 33 CLE 512 105 14 9 1 17 44 36 .245 .319 .327 .646 92
1915 34 CLE 305 66 14 1 0 12 29 13 .252 .329 .313 .642 91
1916 35 CLE 495 112 15 3 0 15 40 29 .262 .325 .311 .636 87
1917 36 CLE 203 37 7 0 0 4 14 19 .206 .263 .244 .507 50
1918 37 CLE 266 58 7 2 0 6 22 15 .249 .316 .296 .613 77
1919 38 PHA 136 24 3 0 0 2 5 9 .189 .220 .213 .432 21
CLE (15 yrs) 6513 1472 204 77 8 254 430 478 .254 .310 .320 .630 91
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Original Table
Generated 5/16/2013.


Selected Awards/Leaders

  • AL MVP: 1913-22nd
  • AL WAR: 2nd, 1906-9.2
  • AL WAR Position Players: 2nd, 1906-9.2; 8th, 1907-4.1
  • AL oWAR: 4th, 1906-5.0
  • AL dWAR: 1st, 1906-5.4; 2nd, 1907-3.2; 4th, 1910-1.8; 7th, 1904-1.7; 7th, 1912-0.8; 7th, 1913-1.0; 9th, 1911-0.8; 9th, 1914-1.2; 10th, 1916-1.0
  • AL Runs Scored: 5th, 1906-85
  • AL Hits: 6th, 1906-170; 9th, 1905-155
  • AL TB: 6th, 1905-211; 9th, 1906-217
  • AL 2B: 5th, 1906-27
  • AL 3B: 3rd, 1905-14
  • AL HR: 9th, 1905-4
  • AL RBI: 5th, 1905-72; 10th, 1906-62
  • AL Singles: 7th, 1906-134; 8th, 1905-121
  • AL RC: 9th, 1906-72
  • AL Extra Base Hits: 8th, 1906-36
  • AL Sacrifice Hits: 1st, 1914-38; 2nd, 1913-33; 9th, 1916-27
  • AL Assists: 1st, 1906-570; 3rd, 1907-477; 4th, 1910-449; 5th, 1905-436
  • AL Putouts as 3B: 5th, 1912-129
  • AL Assists as 3B: 5th, 1912-199
  • AL Double Plays Turned as 3B: 1st, 1913-27; 2nd, 1914-23; 4th, 1912-21
  • AL Putouts as SS: 5th, 1906-287; 5th, 1907-258
  • AL Assists as SS: 1st, 1906-570; 3rd, 1907-477; 5th, 1905-436
  • AL Errors as SS: 5th, 1907-39
  • AL Double Plays Turned as SS: 1st, 1906-61; 1st, 1907-67; 3rd, 1905-49; 3rd, 1910-42
  • AL Range Factor/Game 3B: 1st, 1914-3.53; 2nd, 1911-3.43; 5th, 1912-3.18; 5th, 1916-3.38
  • AL Range Factor/Game SS: 1st, 1906-5.83; 4th, 1910-5.47

Cleveland Indians Career Leader

  • 9th WAR Position Players (38.8)
  • 21st oWAR (26.6)
  • 2nd dWAR (20.0)
  • 1st Games Played (1619)
  • 3rd At Bats (5787)
  • 7th Plate Appearances (6513)
  • 14th Runs Scored (692)
  • 10th Hits (1472)
  • 17th Total Bases (1854)
  • 22nd Doubles (204)
  • 9th Triples (77)
  • 24th Runs Batted In (521)
  • t-23rd Bases On Balls (430)
  • t-24th Strikeouts (478)
  • 3rd Stolen bases (254)
  • 7th Singles (1183)
  • 26th Runs Created (568)
  • t-33rd Extra Base Hits (289)
  • t-27th Hit By Pitch (34)
  • t-2nd Sacrifice Hits (264)
  • t-40th Caught Stealing (31)

Cleveland Indians Season Leader

  • 6th WAR Position Players (9.4, 1906)
  • 1st dWAR (5.3, 1906)
  • 5th dWAR (3.2, 1907)
  • t-34th dWAR (1.8, 1910)
  • t-40th dWAR (1.7, 1904)
  • t-21st Triples (14, 1905)
  • t-46th Stolen Bases (31, 1910)
  • 12th Sacrifice Hits (38, 1914)
  • 15th Sacrifice Hits (33, 1913)
  • t-28th Sacrifice Hits (27, 1916)
  • t-39th Caught Stealing (13, 1914)

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